Antoni van Leeuwenhoek – Ο “πατέρας της Μικροβιολογίας”


Στην πραγματικότητα, δεν είχε πραγματοποιήσει κάποιες σχετικές σπουδές, κι ας πρόκειται για τόσο εξειδικευμένο επιστημονικό τομέα.

Ο van Leeuwenhoek ήταν έμπορος υφασμάτων. Κατασκεύασε μόνος του το αυτοσχέδιο μικροσκόπιο που χρησιμοποιούσε, σχηματοποιώντας και τους κατάλληλους φακούς.

Μέσα από την εν λόγω εφεύρεση του, κατάφερε να ανακαλύψει και να αποτυπώσει την ύπαρξη βακτηρίων, πρωτοζώων, ζωικών κυττάρων του σπέρματος και ερυθρών αιμοσφαιρίων- μεταξύ άλλων.

Antony van Leeuwenhoek was an unlikely scientist. A tradesman of Delft, Holland, he came from a family of tradesmen, had no fortune, received no higher education or university degrees, and knew no languages other than his native Dutch.

This would have been enough to exclude him from the scientific community of his time completely. Yet with skill, diligence, an endless curiosity, and an open mind free of the scientific dogma of his day, Leeuwenhoek succeeded in making some of the most important discoveries in the history of biology.


It was he who discovered bacteria, free-living and parasitic microscopic protists, sperm cells, blood cells, microscopic nematodes and rotifers, and much more. His researches, which were widely circulated, opened up an entire world of microscopic life to the awareness of scientists.

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