γιατί …. ακόμα και "η μάσκα, αν δεν κρύβει πίσω της ψυχή, δεν κάνει ούτε για μάσκα"
Good and Bad Governments: An Allegory by Ambrogio Lorenzetti (1338-39)
«Η αλληγορία της καλής και κακής διακυβέρνησης» του Αμπρότζιο Λορεντσέτι
A brief description of the scenes:
What do we see in Good Government? – On the right, the personification of Wisdom as a man, flanked by six females: Peace, Fortitude and Prudence on the left and Magnanimity, Temperance and Justice on the right. (Fortitude, Prudence, Temperance and Justice being cardinal virtues). Above are Faith, Hope and Charity (theological virtues). On the left of the mural, Justice balances the scales of Wisdom.
In the foreground are citizens with cords offered to them by “Concord”.
The text below reads:
This holy virtue [Justice], where she rules, induces to unity the many souls [of citizens], and they, gathered together for such a purpose, make the Common Good [ben comune] their Lord; and he, in order to govern his state, chooses never to turn his eyes from the resplendent faces of the Virtues who sit around him. Therefore to him in triumph are offered taxes, tributes, and lordship of towns; therefore, without war, every civic result duly follows –useful necessary, and pleasurable.
In the City under the Good Government, we see palaces, markets, towers, churches, streets and walls. Various trades, a wedding procession. The Nine Muses dancing. The Country is a bucolic landscape with the hovering figure of Security.
What do we see in Bad Government? – On the right, a Tyrant with horns and fangs, a goat under his feet (symbolising luxury). Justice is bound before him. Tyrant is flanked by Cruelty, Deceit, Fraud, Fury, Division and War. On top are the vices of Avarice, Pride and Vainglory.
Sadly, we can’t see the City and Countryside clearly in this case.