King Pedro And Inês de Castro – What Life Took Apart, Death Put Back Together

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“Agora é tarde; Inês é morta”

(Είναι πολύ αργά: η Ινές έχει πεθάνει)

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Eugénie Servières, “Inês de Castro with her children at the feet of Alfonso IV, King of Portugal, seeking clemency for her husband, Don Pedro, 1335”, 1822, detail, Palace of Versailles, France

Every country has its legends and fairytales and Portugal is not an exception. One of the most known Portuguese tales is a love story about King Pedro of Portugal and Inês de Castro. Their relationship did not end as they would have wanted, with Inês being killed by royal minions. But in this case, what life took apart, death put back together, and here’s a story of how King Pedro’s and Inês’s tombs were made. Continue reading

Peterloo exhibition targets new generation of protesters

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Show in Manchester displays key objects shedding light on massacre 200 years ago

A piece of commemorative glass with an image of the Peterloo massacre

A piece of commemorative glass with an image of the massacre, which will feature in the exhibition. Photograph: People’s History Museum

The Scum Uppermost, a satirical cartoon of popular radical reform represented as a many-headed monster, and embroidered flags are among the objects being brought together for the first time in an exhibition marking the 200th anniversary of the Peterloo massacre.

Eighteen people were killed and 700 injured at the peaceful protest for democratic reform in Manchester in 1819, and the exhibition will chart its legacy and the ways in which the storywas suppressed. Continue reading

Hôtel-Dieu, a hospital for the poor

A hospital foundation from the Middle Ages, the Hospices de Beaune is one of France’s most prestigious historic monuments. Its flamboyant Gothic architecture, its polychrome roofs and a renowned vineyard make this museum one of Burgundy’s gems. The Hospices de Beaune is also famous for its 60 hectares wine estate, producing prestigious wines, sold at auction on the third Sunday in November.

The Flying Lovers, Bella and Marc Chagall

.Οι ιπτάμενοι εραστές του Vitebsk” είναι ένας ύμνος γεμάτος χρώμα, που αναβιώνει το θρυλικό love story του καλλιτέχνη για την αιώνια μούσα του, Bella Rosenfeld

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Love at First Sight

They fell for each other in 1909 in Saint Petersburg. Bella Rosenfeld, who was a 19-years-old daughter of a wealthy Russian jeweller, and Marc, seven years her senior, a painter still attending an art school.

They both said it was love at the first sight. Bella, who was to become a talented writer, described how Marc looked on their first encounter: When you did catch a glimpse of his eyes, they were Continue reading

Pierre de Coubertin’s Monument

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Pierre Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937) was a French pedagogue and historian, founder of the International Olympic Committee, and considered father of the modern Olympic Games.

The first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896 in Athens, Greece, and the second, the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris. He was buried in Lausanne (the seat of the IOC), although, in accordance with his will, his heart was buried separately in a monument near the ruins of ancient Olympia. Continue reading

Old Greek cafes – Kaphenia

Ὁ Ῥωμηός

Στὸν καφενὲ ἀπ᾿ ἔξω σὰν μπέης ξαπλωμένος,
τοῦ ἥλιου τὶς ἀκτῖνες ἀχόρταγα ρουφῶ,
καὶ στῶν ἐφημερίδων τὰ νέα βυθισμένος,
κανέναν δὲν κοιτάζω, κανέναν δὲν ψηφῶ…….

 

Efi’s stone craft decoupage

The kaphenia (cafes) are an integral part of Greek culture, places for locals to talk to each other and share news. They first appeared at the beginning of the 20th century, and some of them still exist.

Described as historical cafés, kaphenia sustain their classic atmosphere by serving both traditional and modern desserts with coffee of supreme flavor. Here are our favorite kaphenia if you want to explore Athens’s unique historical café culture. Continue reading

The Spirit of Ecstasy and Secret Affairs

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Η «πονηρή» ιστορία πίσω από το αγαλματίδιο της Rolls Royce

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The Spirit of Ecstasy is the ornament found on the bonnet of the Rolls Royce car. It is in the form of a woman leaning forwards with her arms outstretched behind and above her, billowing cloth running from her arms to her back, resembling wings. It has become an iconic symbol of luxury and elegance. Continue reading

Ox cart carreta Costa Rica

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The carreta, or ox cart, is a brightly colored handicraft and symbol of Costa Rica culture. Those looking to appreciate the artistic side of Costa Rica will enjoy this unique art form, and those interested in history and mechanics will enjoy seeing carretas being crafted in the traditional manner.

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Ox Cart Background

The ox cart became a significant means of transportation for rural Costa Ricans after it was introduced to the area circa 1840. Farmers used ox carts in order to transport valuable crops like coffee beans or sugar cane. The carreta was valued for its ability to maneuver over all types of hazardous terrain. In spite of the name, originally Continue reading

Melina Mercouri – Parthenon Marbles

On this day: March 6, 1994 Melina Mercouri passes away

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You must understand what the Parthenon Marbles mean to us. They are our pride. They are our sacrifices. They are our noblest symbol of excellence. They are a tribute to the democratic philosophy. They are our aspirations and our name. They are the essence of Greekness.

Melina Mercouri in her tireless campaign for the return of the Parthenon marbles to their home in Athens addressed the British Authorities: “You must understand what the Parthenon Marbles Continue reading

The Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor

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This tale from Ancient Egypt was written down in hieroglyphics 4000 years ago. It’s one of the oldest stories to have come down to us. In fact, it is really several stories all framed within a story.

A ship returns to Egypt from a long voyage. The merchant owner of the shipper is afraid that the pharaoh will be angry with him Continue reading

What was the first circus?

Ο Philip Astley δεν ήταν ο πρώτος συνταξιούχος ιππέας της εποχής του – υπήρχαν πολλοί σαν αυτόν, οι οποίοι επέστρεφαν από τους πολέμους και έβρισκαν μια νέα χρήση για τις ιππικές δεξιότητές τους.

Ξεκίνησε δίνοντας μαθήματα ιππασίας το 1768. Η καινοτομία του Astley ήταν να βάλει τα ακροβατικά άλογα σε έναν κύκλο, σε αντίθεση με ένα μακρύ ίσιο, που έδινε στους θεατές του ένα θεατρικότερο σκηνικό. Εδώ μπορείτε να βρείτε περισσότερα για την ιστορία του τσίρκου !

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The circus was first established by Philip Astley, who opened the Astley’s Amphitheatre in 1777. It was his idea to have the horses perform in a circular ring.
Museum of London/Heritage

Ηow did the first circus come about, and why did it lead to the modern three-ring spectaculars we’ve come to know and love?

Much of the credit goes to Philip Astley, who had served as a cavalry Sergeant Major in the French and Indian War. When Astley returned from the war to London in 1768 and discovered Continue reading

The Black Cat Auditions in Hollywood, 1961

“The biggest invitation to bad luck ever seen in one place”

LIFE magazine, 1961

152 μαύρες γάτες σε αναμονή του ρόλου για τη “Μαύρη γάτα” του Edgar Allen Poe !!!

Cats hate being on leads at the best of times, so what’s going on in these curious photos of kitties on leashes lined up with their owners?

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These photos were taken by legendary LIFE photographer Ralph Crane in 1961. They show over 150 of the cutest and fluffiest of budding actors auditioning for a starring role in the film adaptation of Edgar Allen Poe’s The Black Cat. Continue reading

Yasuke, the only African samurai

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One of the best-known non-Japanese samurais was the 16th-century African slave who went by the name of Yasuke. He was reportedly the first African man to come to Japan, and because of his origin, many people gathered around him after he arrived to take a closer look.

Yasuke was in the service of the Italian Jesuit Alessandro Valignano, the man appointed to inspect the Jesuit missions in the Indies. Later, he was made a samurai by the ruler and hegemon Oda Nobunaga, who wanted Yasuke as his bodyguard. The Japanese were so unused to Africans, the warlord ordered him to take off his clothes to have servants try to wash out the “black ink” from his skin.

Continue reading

A Tribute To Stan Laurel

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Άγγλος ηθοποιός και σκηνοθέτης, ο «Λιγνός» του διάσημου κωμικού ντουέτου «Χονδρός – Λιγνός», όπως είναι γνωστό στην Ελλάδα («Laurel & Hardy» στον αγγλόφωνο κόσμο).

 

Stan Laurel (born Arthur Stanley Jefferson; 16 June 1890 – 23 February 1965) was an English comic actor, writer, and film director who was part of the comedy duo Laurel and Hardy.

He appeared with his comedy partner Oliver Hardy in 107 short films, feature films, and cameo roles. Continue reading

Glove Stories…

 

 

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Discover one of the best collections of gloves in the world – The Glove Collection of the Worshipful Company of Glovers of London, cared for and housed at the Fashion Museum.

This exhibition features exquisite examples of historical gloves from the past 400 years, many of which have never been displayed to the public before.

Highlights include beautiful embroidered gauntlet gloves from the 1600s, a curious pair of gloves in a walnut shell from the 1830s, and the Duke of Edinburgh’s carriage-driving gloves. Continue reading

Chiribiquete National Park – “The Maloca of the Jaguar”

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Chiribiquete National Park, the largest protected area in Colombia

 

 

Over 75,000 figures have been made by indigenous people on the walls of the 60 rock shelters from 20,000 BCE, and are still made nowadays by the uncontacted peoples protected by the National Park.

These paintings depict hunting scenes, battles, dances and ceremonies, as well as fauna and flora species, with a particular the worship of the jaguar, a symbol of power and fertility. Continue reading

Ancient campfires led to the rise of storytelling

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Sometime about 400,000 years ago, humans learned to fully control fire. This breakthrough radically changed our diets, because we could now cook food, but did it transform our culture as well?

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….Campfires allowed human ancestors to expand their minds in a similar way and also solidified social networks.

“Stories told by firelight put listeners on the same emotional wavelength,” she writes in the paper, and “elicited understanding, trust, and sympathy.” Continue reading

Legendary midwife dies at age 96

Τιμώντας μια αξιόλογη γυναίκα που γνώρισα μέσω μιας φίλης

Legendary midwife dies at age 96

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As i had promise to my friend Peggy i want to honor also a truly wonderful person who lived a remarkable life!

Rhodanthe, the midwife

Rhodanthe was passionate about new mothers and their babies. In fact, she spent more than 65 years catering for them. It’s calculated that she assisted 23,000 local mothers and their newborns. Continue reading

Honorable gentleman, Mr. Pantelis – Έντιμε άνθρωπε κυρ-Παντελή

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Όμως κάποιοι Άνθρωποι δεν πεθαίνουν ποτέ! Έτσι κι ο Πάνος Τζαβέλλας θα μείνει Αθάνατος. Για να μας υποδεικνύει με την αγωνιστική και μουσική του κληρονομιά που μας άφησε ότι ο συμβιβασμός και το βόλεμα γεννά τους εκάστοτε « κυρ- Παντελήδες», που στο χέρι μας είναι να «τους θάψουμε βαθειά στα σπαρτά», πριν προλάβουν να κοπρίσουν αυτά, για τα οποία αυτός και χιλιάδες αγωνιστές στη Γη, ακρωτηριάστηκαν για να τα κρατήσουν ζωντανά. Πανανθρώπινα ιδανικά και αξίες για την Ελευθερία, την Πατρίδα, τον Άνθρωπο, τον Πολιτισμό.

 

 

 

Honorable gentleman, Mr. Pantelis
you have a store somewhere on Earth.
You sell your wares, you make money
a lot of money, a lot of money.

On Sunday mornings, in the church
you pray to the Virgin Mother.

Honourable gentleman, Mr. Pantelis,
you’ve also got a wife, a daughter, a son,
modern furniture, a color TV,
you’re getting intellectual input. Continue reading

Children’s Games from the Ellen and Arthur Liman Collection

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Instruction and Delight: Children’s Games from the Ellen and Arthur Liman Collection
Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 17 January — 23 May 2019

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Wallis’s Elegant and Instructive Game exhibiting the Wonders of Art in Each Quarter of the World, ca. 1820
(New Haven: Yale Center for British Art)

By the beginning of the eighteenth century in Britain, parents and teachers had begun to embrace wholeheartedly a suggestion from the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704) that “Learning might be made a Play and Recreation to Children.”

The material culture of this period, and the subsequent generation, reveals a significant shift in thinking, as adults found fresh value in childhood and in play for its own sake. Continue reading

“Nutshell Studies of Unexplained Death”

 

 

Πρόκειται για μια συλλογή από 18 κουκλόσπιτα-σκηνές εγκλήματος, γνωστά ως “Nutshell Studies of Unexplained Death” (Μελέτες συνοψίζοντας τα πιο σημαντικά ανεξήγητων θανάτων).

The Nutshell Studies of Unexplained Death are a series of nineteen (twenty were originally constructed) intricately designed dollhouse-style dioramas created by Frances Glessner Lee (1878–1962), a pioneer in forensic science.

Glessner Lee used her inheritance to establish a department of legal medicine at Harvard Medical School in 1936, and donated the first of the Nutshell Studies in 1946 for use in lectures on the subject of crime scene investigation. In 1966, the department was dissolved, and the dioramas went to the Maryland Medical Examiner’s Office in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S. where they are on permanent loan and still used for forensic seminars. Continue reading

Joseph-Ignace Guillotin

 

 

Though he didn’t invent it, the guillotine was named for a French doctor

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The man who gave his name to Madame la Guillotine or The Widow (La Veuve) was born at Saintes in southern France in 1738 and became a doctor after graduating from university in Paris. From 1789 he was one of the Paris deputies to the Constituent Assembly, in which he took a prominent role. Continue reading

Leonhart Fuchs_ Fuchsia

 

 

Fuchs was born in 1501 in Wemding in the Duchy of Bavaria. After attending a school in Heilbronn, Fuchs went to the Marienschule in ErfurtThuringia at the age of twelve, and graduated as Baccalaureus artium. In 1524 he became Magister Artium in Ingolstadt, and received a doctor of medicine degree in the same year.

 

Fuchs’ name is preserved by the plant Fuchsia,]discovered in the Dominican Republic in the Caribbean in 1696/97 by the French scientist and Minim monk Charles Plumier. He published the first description of “Fuchsia triphylla, flore coccineo” in 1703. It is sometimes thought that the color fuchsia is also named for Fuchs, but that actually derives from fuchsine, an early trade name for the dye rosaniline hydrochloride, which produces a brilliant pink-purple color.

Continue reading

The United States Prohibition of Alcohol

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The prohibition of alcohol in the United States lasted for 13 years, from January 16, 1920 through December 5, 1933. It is one of most famous—or infamous—times in American history. While the intention was to reduce the consumption of alcohol by eliminating businesses that manufactured, distributed, and sold it, the plan backfired.

 

Considered by many as a failed social and political experiment, the era changed the way many Americans viewed alcoholic beverages. It also enhanced the realization that federal government control cannot always take the place of personal responsibility.

Continue reading

Eric Liddell_ Chariots of Fire

 

 

 

 

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Eric Liddell (1902 –  1945) was a Scottish Olympic champion at 400 m and a famous Christian missionary; his inspirational life was captured in the film Chariots of Fire

Although his parents were Scottish, Eric Liddell was both born and died in China. He was born on 16 January 1902 in the city of Tientsin (now Tianjin) in north-eastern China.

He was sent to Eltham College, a Christian boarding school for 12 years. In 1921, he moved to Edinburgh University where he studied Pure Science. From his school days, he was an outstanding sportsman excelling in short distance running, rugby union and cricket. In 1922 and 1923 he played rugby union for Scotland in the Five Nations. However, it was at running that he really excelled, and after setting a new British record in the 1923 100 yards sprint, he was considered a great prospect for the Olympics in 1924. Continue reading

Samuel van Hoogstraten – A Peepshow with Views of the Interior of a Dutch House

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The peepshow is a rectangular box; the interior is painted on three sides, as well as on the top and bottom

 

The sixth side is open; originally light would have entered the box from this side, perhaps through specially treated paper stretched across it. The box would have been placed close to a window or illumination provided by a candle. There are peep-holes in the two shorter sides which provide the illusion of three-dimensional views of the interior of a house.

Hoogstraten’s box is an unusually elaborate example, decorated on the exterior with allegorical paintings which correspond to chapters in a theoretical book that the artist was to write later. The long side illustrates

Continue reading

“Another Day of Life”

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Το «Another Day of Life» των Ραούλ ντε λα Φουέντε και Ντέιμιαν Νένοφ, με θέμα τον εμφύλιο πόλεμο στην Ανγκόλα, αναδείχθηκε η Καλύτερη Ευρωπαϊκή Ταινία Κινουμένων Σχεδίων για το 2018

A gripping story of a three-month-long journey that renowned Polish reporter Ryszard Kapuscinski took across Angola ravaged by a war in which the front lines shifted like a kaleidoscope from one day to the next.

 

Βασίζεται στο μυθιστόρημα του Πολωνού δημοσιογράφου, φωτογράφου, ποιητή και συγγραφέα, Ρίσαρντ Καπισίνσκι, και καλύπτει τρεις μήνες του πολέμου, μέσω της αλληλογραφίας του Καπισίνκι με το πολωνικό πρακτορείο ειδήσεων.

Η ταινία είναι συμπαραγωγή πολλών ευρωπαϊκών χωρών.

Continue reading

Trinity of the spiral – Lucian Dobârtă

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The triskelion or ‘triskele’ is also known as the tri-spiral or ‘Spiral of Life’. The three spirals in the triskelion are interconnected with no open ends thus creating one continuous line. Each spiral turns in the same direction. The three spirals represent balance, harmony and continual motion indicative of the flow of life and of the Earth in her seasons and cycles. Continue reading

The Witches in Shakespeare’s Macbeth

 

Shakespeare wrote Macbeth at a time when interest in witchcraft bordered on hysteria. Witches were blamed for causing illness, death and disaster, and were thought to punish their enemies by giving them nightmares, making their crops fail and their animals sicken.

Macbeth-and-the-Three-Witches-1855-Theodore-Chasseriau-oil-painting-1.jpgThe Macbeth and the Three Witches 1855 painting originally painted by Theodore Chasseriau

Witches were thought to allow the Devil to suckle from them in the form of an animal, such as ‘Graymalkin’ and ‘Paddock’, the grey cat and the toad mentioned by the Witches in Act 1, Scene 1. Those who were convicted were often tortured, their trials reported in grisly detail in pamphlets that circulated in their hundreds. Often, those accused of witchcraft lived on the edges of society: they were old, poor and unprotected, and were therefore easy to blame.

Στο έργο, οι τρεις μάγισσες αντιπροσωπεύουν το σκοτάδι, το χάος και τη σύγκρουση, ενώ παίζουν και το ρόλο των μαρτύρων. Την εποχή του Σαίξπηρ, οι μάγισσες θεωρούνταν χειρότερες από επαναστάτες, αφού ήταν όχι μόνο πολιτικοί αλλά και πνευματικοί προδότες.
Continue reading

The most striking art inspired by opera

Η νύχτα στην όπερα είναι ηλεκτρισμένη. Δεν είναι περίεργο ότι οι εικαστικοί καλλιτέχνες εμπνέονται χρόνια τώρα από αυτές τις  μεθυστικές μορφές τέχνης.

 


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1895 Typogravure Charles Courtney Curran Metropolitan Opera House New York Art

 

A night at the opera is electric. It’s no wonder that visual artists have long been inspired by this most intoxicating of art forms.

Some early artworks present a window into a world available only to a small handful of elite opera-goers; later works turn their attention from the stage and shine the spotlight on the audience and even use the architecture of opera houses as a canvas.

Here are our favourite pieces of visual art inspired by opera:

Εδώ είναι τα αγαπημένα μας κομμάτια εικαστικής τέχνης εμπνευσμένα από την όπερα

William Hogarth
A Scene from ‘The Beggar’s Opera’ VI (1731)

William Hogarth’s painting captures the climactic scene of John Gay’s ballad opera – the moment the highwayman Macheath is sentenced to death.
Continue reading

Ñain An sculptures: New secrets revealed at ancient Chan Chan

Η ανακάλυψη 17 ξύλινων αγαλμάτων στο Chan Chan είναι αρκετή για να αλλάξει την κατανόηση του αστικού κέντρου Chan Chan. Ενσωματωμένα στα τείχη του μεταγενέστερου συγκρoτήματος Ñain An, επίσης γνωστό ως Bandelier, οι ξύλινες φιγούρες πιστεύεται ότι αποτίουν φόρο τιμής  στους αποθανόντες ηγέτες.

The discovery of 17 wooden statues at Chan Chan are enough to change our understanding of the Chan Chan urban centre. Embedded in the walls of the later Ñain An complex, also known as Bandelier, the figures are thought to have bid farewell to the deceased leaders.

Continue reading

Make Me Beautiful, Madame D’Ora

Dora Kallmus, more known by her pseudonym Madame d’Ora

 

In 1907, Dora Kallmus was one of the first women in Vienna to open a photographic studio.

 

 

She delved into the Viennese world of fashion, aristocracy, and politics to immortalize the biggest names of creme de la creme of Austria and abroad, as within only a few months her atelier had established itself as the most elegant and renowned for artistic portraits.
Continue reading

Harriet Powers : Bible Quilt and Pictorial Quilt

Η Harriet Powers (1837-1910) ήταν αφρικανικο-Αμερικανή σκλάβα και λαϊκή καλλιτέχνης που δημιούργησε παπλώματα στην αγροτική Georgia. Χρησιμοποίησε παραδοσιακές τεχνικές εφαρμογών για να καταγράψει τοπικούς θρύλους, ιστορίες της Βίβλου και αστρονομικά γεγονότα.

Μόνο δύο από τα παπλώματά  της είναι γνωστό ότι έχουν βρεθεί : το Bible Quilt and το Pictorial Quilt..

Χάρη στην επιστολή που ανακαλύφθηκε το 2009 γνωρίζουμε ότι ήταν μια λογοτέχνης που μεταμόρφωσε γνωστές ιστορίες που διάβασε σε εικονογραφικά αριστουργήματα.

Harriet Powers. Pictorial quilt. 1895-98. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

When the second wave feminist movement in the 1970s brought domestic art into the discussion of art history, textiles became a central topic. This led to the rediscovery of Harriet Powers, whose two surviving quilts currently hang in the Smithsonian and in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.

Powers, born a slave in Georgia in 1837, created the quilts after she was Continue reading

Tamo daleko – (Εκεί μακριά…)


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The song was played at the funeral of Serb inventor Nikola Tesla

Από την χορωδία των Κοζάκων του Κουμπάν

Είναι ένα παραδοσιακό τραγούδι της Σερβίας από το Α’ Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο.
Θεωρείται ύμνος του κάθε Σέρβου στρατιώτη που αφήνει την οικογένειά του και πηγαίνει να αγωνιστεί για τη χώρα του. Continue reading

Cecil Beaton – «Night and Day: 1930s Fashion and Photographs»

2 Οκτωβρίου 2018 – 20 Ιανουαρίου 2019
Μουσείο Μόδας και Υφάσματος του Λονδίνου

 

 

Στην έκθεση, που έχει θέμα τη μόδα της δεκαετίας του 1930, περίοπτη θέση έχουν οι φωτογραφίες του Cecil Beaton (1904-1980), που, εκτός από τα θρυλικά πορτρέτα των σταρ, υπήρξε διάσημος φωτογράφος μόδας για τη Vogue, το Harper’s Bazaar και το Life.

Παρουσιάζονται μερικά από τα πιο διάσημα πορτρέτα του -μεταξύ αυτών του Σαλβαντόρ Νταλί, της Μάρλεν Ντίτριχ, της σχεδιάστριας Έλσα Σκιαπαρέλι και της Κάθριν Χέπμπορν- όπως και μία σπάνια έγχρωμη φωτογραφία του μοντέλου Μέρι Τέϊλορ.

Night and Day: 1930s Fashion & Photographs will present the over 100 of the most influential day and evening fashions ensembles of the decade, from fantasy evening wear to beach pyjamas, complemented by photographs of the stars who championed them. The 1930s ushered in the utilitarianism of World War II after the excesses of the 1920s. Continue reading

Malala Yousafzai ‘honoured’ by new portrait at UK’s National Portrait Gallery

In 2014, the activist and writer became the youngest ever recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Now she is being further honoured, with her portrait joining those of Queen Elizabeth II and Nelson Mandela in London’s famous gallery.

 

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“I am honoured to have my portrait included in the National Portrait Gallery alongside some of Britain’s most influential writers, artists and leaders,” Ms Yousafzai said at the unveiling this weekend.

“I hope it will remind visitors that girls everywhere are fighting for change in their communities and countries — their stories must also be heard.” Continue reading

Vending machine, 100 BC

Αγιασμό …..έβγαζε ο πρώτος «αυτόματος πωλητής»
στην αρχαία Ελλάδα το 100 μ.Χ

Modern vending machines had a predecessor that was used to sell holy water in ancient temples. It was invented by Hero of Alexandria. A person put a coin inside the vending machine, and it pushed a lever that opened a valve. This allowed some holy water to pour out. Unfortunately, this brilliant idea was forgotten, and vending machines were reinvented at the end of the 19th century.

 

 

Σε ένα από τα συγγράμματα του Ήρωνα του Αλεξανδρινού στα «Πνευματικά» πέρα από τις απλές συσκευές, που βοηθούν στην πειραματική απόδειξη επιστημονικών αρχών, παρατίθενται και πολλές άλλες σύνθετες κατασκευές, που εκτελούσαν με διάφορους τρόπους αυτόματες λειτουργίες. Continue reading

Meet the Mechanical Turk, an 18th Century chess machine

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A master magic builder from California has recreated an 18th Century automaton that took Europe and America by storm.

 

For more than 80 years, Wolfgang von Kempelen’s Mechanical Turk amazed people on both continents by appearing to play chess. The Turk was a trick – somewhere inside its cabinet was a human controlling the moves.

But the Turk’s secrets were lost after it was destroyed in a fire in 1854. Now John Gaughan has completed a replica of the Turk, following years of research and expense. Continue reading

The National Day of Singapore 2018

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The National Day of Singapore is celebrated every year on August 9, in commemoration of Singapore’s independence from Malaysia in the year 1965

Singapore until the early 19th century was a peaceful fishermen’s island. Then the British diagnosed his potential and in 1819 they founded a commercial colony there. The locals in 1963 decided to live free, and after being incorporated for two years with Malaysia (1963-1965), they thought better and were independent.

H Σιγκαπούρη μέχρι τις αρχές του 19ου αιώνα ήταν ένα φιλήσυχο νησί ψαράδων. Τότε οι Βρετανοί διέγνωσαν τις δυνατότητες του και το 1819 ίδρυσαν εκεί εμπορική αποικία. Οι ντόπιοι το 1963 αποφάσισαν να ζήσουν πιο ελεύθεροι και αφού ενσωματώθηκαν για δυο χρόνια με τη Μαλαισία (1963-1965), το σκέφθηκαν καλύτερα και ανεξαρτητοποιήθηκαν.

Mapping Out Freedom: Escaped Slaves Used Braids For Direction

The women would weave the maps in their hair, carving out paths with their cornrows. Some patterns were even utilized to deliver secret messages.

Braids. They are an easy, go-to style to up chicness, comfort, and convenience. However, for some escaped slaves in South America, braids were a survival mechanism and led to freedom.

 

 

Κάτι που μάλλον δε γνωρίζαμε σχετικά με τα αφρικανικής προέλευσης χτενίσματα.

Οι λεπτές πλεξούδες που είναι κολλημένες στο κεφάλι, μαρτυρούν την αντίσταση των γυναικών, οι οποίες αναζητούσαν για τους σκλάβους οδούς διαφυγής από τις φυτείες της Καραϊβικής.

Συγκεκριμένα, οι γυναίκες που δούλευαν στα σπίτια, συναντιόντουσαν στις

Continue reading

German Emigration Center Bremerhaven

An exciting journey through 300 years of emigration and immigration history

 

Waiting on the wharf, waving good-bye from the gangway, then the journey starts. For more than seven million emigrants, who left from Bremerhaven between 1830-1974 on their journey to the New World, this is the moment of departure. For the visitors of the German Emigration Center this is the start of their travel through 300 years of German migration history.

Located on that very harbor where the emigrant ships departed you will now find the awarded theme museum in which vistors follow the personal path of an emigrant from the time of departure, to the conditions experienced during the crossing up until the arrival in the New World.

After emigrating to the New World visitors immigrate to Germany: In a reconstructed shopping mall of the year 1973, the year the Federal Republic of Germany enacted a recruitment Stopp for foreign workerk, visitors trace the footsteps of immigrants such as Huguenots, Guest Workers or Syrian civil war refugees.

Continue reading

Weird medieval medicines – Aλλόκοτα μεσαιωνικά γιατροσόφια

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Just as we do today, people in the medieval period worried about their health and what they might do to ward off sickness, or alleviate symptoms if they did fall ill. Here, historian Toni Mount reveals some of the most unusual remedies commonly used…

 

 

Η καλή υγεία και η ανάγκη ανακούφισης από ποικίλα συμπτώματα ασθενειών ή ασθένειες απασχολούσε πάντοτε τους ανθρώπους με τη διαφορά πως όσο πιο πίσω πάμε στο χρόνο, τόσο πιο…περίεργα είναι τα φάρμακα που μαθαίνουμε πως χρησιμοποιούσαν. Ειδικότερα κατά το Μεσαίωνα ήταν κάτι πάρα πάνω από περίεργα όπως γενικότερα η μεσαιωνική ιατρική. Continue reading

Let freedom reign – Nelson Mandela

18/07/1918

Γεννιέται ο ηγέτης του αγώνα κατά του Απαρτχάιντ της Νοτίου Αφρικής και επικεφαλής του Αφρικανικού Εθνικού Κογκρέσου Νέλσον Μαντέλα (πρώτος Πρόεδρος μετά την κατάργησή του το 1994).

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Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.

He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation.

Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela

Ireland’s Great Hunger Museum at Quinnipiac University

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“Ο ιρλανδικός λιμός από το 1845 έως το 1852 ήταν η μεγαλύτερη κοινωνική καταστροφή, από πλευράς ηθικής και ταλαιπωρίας, που η Ιρλανδία έχει βιώσει ποτέ”.

 

 

“The Irish Famine of 1845 to 1852 was the greatest social calamity, in terms of morality and suffering, that Ireland has ever experienced.”

 Michael D. Higgins, President of Ireland

 

 

Ireland’s Great Hunger Museum at Quinnipiac University in Hamden, Connecticut, is sending its acclaimed art collection to Ireland in 2018.

The works will go to Dublin Castle and Skibbereen—diametric epicenters of the Great Famine (1845-52)— as well as Derry, for the exhibition Coming Home: Art and the Great Hunger.

The museum’s collection, the only one of its kind in the world, constitutes an incomparable direct link to the past of almost 6.5 million Irish and 40 million Irish-American people.

Το Ιρλανδικό Μουσείο Πείνας του  Πανεπιστημίου Quinnipiac στο Hamden του Κοννέκτικατ στέλνει την περίφημη συλλογή έργων τέχνης στην Ιρλανδία το 2018.

Τα έργα της  Μεγάλης Πείνας (1845-52) θα πάνε στο Κάστρο του Δουβλίνου και στο Skibbereen  – καθώς και στο Derry , για την έκθεση

Coming Home: Τέχνη και Μεγάλη Πείνα.

Η συλλογή του μουσείου, μοναδική στο είδος της στον κόσμο, είναι ένας ασύγκριτος άμεσος σύνδεσμος με το παρελθόν περίπου 6,5 εκατομμυρίων Ιρλανδών και 40 εκατομμυρίων Ιρλανδών-Αμερικανών.

https://www.artandthegreathunger.org/

https://www.ighm.org/

 

 

“Ο κύβος ερίφθη” – «Αlea jacta est»

Τα ζάρια και η ιστορία τους!

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Πολλές αναφορές έχουν γίνει στην ιστορία εδώ και αρκετά χιλιάδες χρόνια, όσον αφορά την κυβεία ( ζάρια) .

Η σημασία των ζαριών άμεσα συνυφασμένη με την καλοτυχία, έπαιζε καθοριστικής σημασίας ρόλο για τις αποφάσεις όχι μόνο των ανθρώπων, αλλά και ολόκληρων αυτοκρατοριών στα αρχαία χρόνια.

Μάλιστα εκτενή αναφορά γίνεται από τον Αριστοφάνη σε έργο του για τα ζάρια(ως τυχερό παιχνίδι) στην αρχαία Αθήνα! Continue reading

Hiroshima Child – Nazim Hikmet

Εγώ είμαι, εγώ είμαι που χτυπάω την πόρτα σας
Εδώ ή αλλού, χτυπάω όλες τις πόρτες
Ω, μην τρομάζετε καθόλου πούμαι αθώρητη
Κανένας μια μικρή νεκρή δεν μπορεί να δει

Εδώ και δέκα χρόνια, εδώ καθόμουνα
Στη Χιροσίμα ο θάνατος με βρήκε
Κ’ είμαι παιδί, τα εφτά δεν τα καλόκλεισα
Μα τα νεκρά παιδιά δε μεγαλώνουν.

Πήραν πρώτα φωτιά οι μακριές πλεξούδες μου
Μου καήκανε τα χέρια και τα μάτια
Όλη-Όλη μια φουχτίτσα στάχτη απόμεινα
Την πήρε ο άνεμος κι’ αυτή σ’ ένα ουρανό συγνεφιασμένο.

Ω, μη θαρρείτε πως ζητάω για μένα τίποτα,
Κανείς εμένα δε μπορεί να με γλυκάνει
Τι το παιδί που σαν εφημερίδα κάηκε
Δεν μπορεί πια τις καραμέλες σας να φάει.

Εγώ είμαι που χτυπάω την πόρτα σας, ακούστε με,
Φιλέψτε με μονάχα την υπογραφή σας
Έτσι που τα παιδάκια πια να μη σκοτώνονται
Και να μπορούν να τρώνε καραμέλες.

(μτφρ. Γιάννης Ρίτσος)

Continue reading

Why did people wear wigs? – Γιατί οι άνθρωποι φορούσαν περούκες;

Για  περίπου δύο αιώνες, οι περούκες  ήταν κάτι το επιβεβλημένο για την υψηλή κοινωνία και όχι μόνο. Όμως δεν θα  ήταν ποτέ τόσο δημοφιλείς, αν δεν υπήρχε ένα αφροδίσιο νόσημα, δυο βασιλιάδες και οι κακές συνθήκες υγιεινής των μαλλιών.

For about two centuries, the wigs were something that was necessary for high society and not only. But it would never be so popular if there was no venereal disease, two kings, and poor hair hygiene.

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Η ιστορία της ξεκινάει, όπως και για πολλά άλλα, με τη σύφιλη. Μέχρι το 1580, η σύφιλη είναι η χειρότερη επιδημία που χτύπησε την Ευρώπη μετά την πανούκλα. Σύμφωνα με τον William Clowes, ένα «άπειρο πλήθος» ασθενών από σύφιλη κατέκλυζαν τα νοσοκομεία του Λονδίνου.

Χωρίς αντιβιοτικά, τα θύματα υπέφεραν από τη χειρότερη μορφή της νόσου: ανοιχτές πληγές, δυσάρεστα εξανθήματα, τύφλωση, άνοια και αποσπασματική απώλεια μαλλιών. Η φαλάκρα σάρωνε τη χώρα. Εκείνη την εποχή, η απώλεια μαλλιών ήταν κάτι που μπορούσε να προκαλέσει δημόσια αμηχανία. Τα μακριά μαλλιά ήταν κάτι το μοντέρνο και κάποιος φαλακρός αποκτούσε άσχημη φήμη.

Her story begins, like many others, with syphilis. Until 1580, syphilis is the worst epidemic that struck Europe after the plague. According to William Clowes, an “infinite multitude” of syphilis patients flooded London hospitals. 
Continue reading

Μαφάλντα, η 6χρονη επαναστάτρια

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«Μήπως τελικά αυτή η σύγχρονη ζωή είναι πιο πολύ σύγχρονη και λιγότερο ζωή;»

Μια από τις πιο εύστοχες ατάκες της Μαφάλντα, της εξάχρονης ηρωίδας κόμικς που λάτρεψαν γενιές και γενιές κυρίως στη Λατινική Αμερική, όπου γεννήθηκε, αλλά και στην Ευρώπη.

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H πανέξυπνη, ανήσυχη και απαισιόδοξη Μαφάλντα είναι δημιούργημα του αργεντίνου σκιτσογράφου Joaquín Salvador Lavado, ο οποίος υπέγραφε με το ψευδώνυμο Κίνο. Αν και μόλις έξι χρόνων, η σκέψη της είναι ώριμη και ξεπερνάει πολλά μυαλά ενηλίκων.

Νοιάζεται για τους συνανθρώπους της, υπερασπίζεται το δίκιο, αναρωτιέται Continue reading

I’ve Been Loving You Too Long – Otis Redding

 

Ο Otis Redding ήταν από τα μεγαλύτερα «όπλα» των Μαύρων της Αμερικής στους αγώνες τους στη δεκαετία του ’60. Στη διάρκεια της συναυλίας του ήταν η μοναδική φορά που σηκώθηκαν μαζικά οι 50.000 θεατές να χορέψουν!

Otis Redding was one of America’s greatest “weapons” in their fights in the 1960s. During his concert he was the only time the 50,000 spectators were dancing to dance!

Ο Otis συγκινημένος φώναζε «Αγάπη, αυτή είναι η αγάπη του κοινού! Όλοι αγαπούν ο ένας τον άλλο, έτσι δεν είναι;» και άρχισε να τραγουδά «I’ Ve Been Loving Continue reading

Hija Mia – Andalo-Sefardic song – Amina Alaoui

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(Mother) Daughter of mine, my beloved, aman aman Don’t leap into the sea. That the sea is in anger, look, it will take you away. That the sea is in anger, look, it will take you away.

(Daughter) May it take me and may it drag me, seven fathoms underneath, May a black fish swallow me, to save from this love. May a black fish swallow me, to save me from this love.

 

((Σεφαραδίτικα της Δύσης)-(Cantigas Sefarditas del Occidente))

 

Πόσο παλιά είναι τα λεγόμενα παραδοσιακά τραγούδια; η Judith Cohen απαντά: είμαι πάντα σε δύσκολη θέση όταν μου κάνουν αυτήν την ερώτηση και πρέπει να απαντήσω: Λυπάμαι δεν έχουμε κανένα, αυτή είναι η αλήθεια. Οι Εβραίοι και οι Μουσουλμάνοι επέλεξαν για διάφορους λόγους να μην καταγράψουν τη μουσική τους. Έτσι δεν υπάρχει κανένα χειρόγραφο Εβραϊκής ή Ισλαμικής μουσικής.

How old are the so-called traditional songs? Judith Cohen says, “I’m always in a hurry when I ask this question and I have to answer: I’m sorry we do not have anyone, that’s the truth. The Jews and Muslims chose for various reasons not to record their music. So there is no manuscript of Jewish or Islamic music.

Ένα πολύ ενδιαφέρον άρθρο αν κάποιος ενδιαφέρεται να το διαβάσει ολόκληρο εδώ …..  http://ergotelemata.blogspot.com/2012/02/cantigas-sefarditas-del-occidente.html

 

 

 

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